The globalization of Chinese and the Indian societies can be traced back to the time of the Indian Mutiny and the Taiping rebellion. The state of the globalization of the two countries has a mark of origin from the two movements. The two movements, the Indian Tutiny, and the Taiping rebellion ruled Indian and China at the same. This paper will embark on the reaction of the indigenous people from each country as far as the attempt to globalize their country was concerned. Both the Indian mutiny and the Chinese Taiping rebellion held different views and policy as far the development and transformation of their society and the way of life was concerned. The role of each movement will be analyzed independently. However, the conclusion will outline their differences.
Chines Taiping rebellion
The Taiping rebellion was in leadership between 1814 and 1864, under the leadership of a Christian, Hong Xiuquan. This movement came at a time when the Chinese country was under massive corruption, and leaders were not caring about the welfare the local people. It is at this time that the leadership of the Manchu dynasty was at the peak. This administration had no heart of the people and acted not for the benefit of the Chinese people but for their personal gain. Hong, who was an active Christian, led the Chinese to their liberation. He said that God sent him, as the second brother of Jesus, to come and liberate the Chinese people from the chain of poverty, corruption and poor governance. He founded the Taiping movement that was to see China transform into a modern society. Having studied priesthood in Europe, he knew what was meant by having a good government, people sovereignty, freedom and an operating economy. Hong led the Taiping rebellion against the ill actions of the Manchu dynasty government that were meant to suppress the citizens so that the leaders would continue to remain in their leadership positions at the expense of the poor Chinese nationals. The rebels sought to rebuild and purify China to make it a place where everybody would be proud to live. They began the battle by recruiting and training the army that was to help them approach and deal with the Manchu government that saw the people of China succumb to poverty and miserable life. The movement, together with the help of the European Christian missionaries, saw the Manchu administration come down.
The Taiping rebellion was now in power and started its journey for reforming the County. This movement had the support of the locals, who had for a long time had suffered under the leadership of the Manchu administration. Unlike the conservative Manchu administration that was not open to change, the Taiping rebellion was welcoming to any idea that would help create a stable government and improve the way of life of the indigenous Chinese. For, instance, the Taiping rebellion never objected the penetration of the British government into their territory. Hong convinced his supporters that the British missionaries would bring about change in the religion. For a long time, the Chinese religion was characterized by worship of idol gods held culture and traditions that Hong and his movement highly objected. The Chinese locals, with the help of the Taiping rebellion, they welcome the European Christianity. Having studied Christianity in Europe, Hong was sure that the new form of worship would help people grow spiritually and abandon out-fashioned worshiping styles. As aforementioned, Hong called himself the savior, liberator and the younger brother of Jesus that was sent by God to liberate and transform China. With time, the Taiping rebellion was in full control of the Chinese government. They allowed people who came with different ideas that would transform what Hong described as an ill and rotten society. Most of the locals supported the work of the missionaries who saw them leave their traditional way of worship to join Christianity. Long before, Buddhism and Confucianism dominated the Chinese religion.
Other than the missionaries, they also welcome British investors and administrators. With time, the Taiping rebellion structured the government with the help of the British. Schools, hospital, social facilities, and infrastructures were developed. Access to quality medical was achieved. The Chinese were employed to work in textile companies that were owned by the British government. The life of the indigenous people changed after supporting Hong Xiuquan to overthrow the dynasty of the Manchu administration. A majority of the Chinese communities upheld the new form of religion and were happy with the leadership of the Hong who was a close ally of the Britain government. The journey to globalization was different in India under the leadership of the Indian mutiny.
Indian Mutiny Rebellion
As opposed to Taiping movement that was open to change, the Indian Mutiny was conservative and fought hard against any form of transformation that see the change in their society. As aforementioned, the Indian mutiny existed and operated at the same time as the Chinese Taiping rebellion. The difference between the two movements is the country each movement represented and the policy each held as far the transformation of the society was a concern. The Mutineers warned against any mean to change the Indian society. For instance, the mutineers, war with the European missionaries who came to change the way of worship of the Indian people. The movement was conservative and was not open to change. The movement was able to convince its followers and supporters not to embrace any mean that would transform their society. Society transformation must go hand in hand with the change in beliefs, traditions, culture and the custom of the community. People have to become civilized and start approaching things from a rational point of view. The view of the Indian mutiny was different. They made the locals that any change to their society would change their country to worse. The Indians were not ready to let go of their traditions.
Unlike the Chinese society that transformed under the leadership of Hong, the Christian leader of the Taiping movement, the Indians remained with their culture and traditions. In the beginning, they barred the penetration of the British Empire into their country arguing the European would no better than making them slaves, take their jobs, and exploit their country. Studies and records show that despite the fact that the British managed to penetrate into India, the Indians did not welcome whatsoever. They remained adamant to any change that the Briton came with. They believed that it was an abomination to leave their culture and adopt a culture of another person.
The policies of the mutiny administration were not supporting globalization in any way. Instead, they put obstacles to the same. Under the leadership of the mutiny rebellion, the impact of globalization was not achieved in India as it was realized in China.
The globalization of any country depends on the acceptance of the locals and the government to welcome and embrace change. If the indigenous people remain conservative in their beliefs, traditions, and customs, it is hard to experience any change. As seen in this paper, the Indians, under the leadership of the Mutiny were blinded to accept the waves of change that happened in China. People must be ready to let go of their traditions and customs that add no value to their life. The proverb “change is like a rest” is just clear and to the point. The Indian remained chained by their traditions and old cultural practice because of rejecting globalization. Becoming modern have to involve civilization to a great extent; the Indian mutiny rejected any attempt that would civilize the people. They made the locals react to any form of civilization and globalization. The opposite happened in China under the leadership of the Taiping.