The primary goal of a research report is to determine a trend, association, or relationship between certain phenomena with the aim of informing or solving an existing problem. Thus, a research report is a critical document since it presents findings that contribute to the already existing literature and can be used as a tool for decision-making. Before beginning any research report, it is important to plan the scope of the research regarding the sample size, location, financial costs, and the objective of the study (Crawley et.al, 2007). The researcher should also ensure they record data in an unbiased manner and store it in safe locations. When the fieldwork is done, the researcher can now focus on writing a report.
The main sections of a research report are the title, abstract, introduction, method, results, discussion, and references. The title should be brief and definite; readers decide whether they will continue reading a report or not based on the title. For example, Is there a positive correlation between the number of hours a student sleeps and their average GPA score? The abstract gives an overview of the paper and the findings; it is almost similar to an executive summary. The introduction highlights the problem statement and the strategy that the researcher will use. The method section describes any mathematical formulae, software, and procedures used to collect and analyze the data. Finally, in the results and discussion section, the researcher compares his/her results with previous studies and gives recommendations. In case there any sharp differences or unexpected findings, the researcher is expected to identify them and give a probable reason for such a pattern. The final part is the reference list that is used to list all the secondary sources of information after in texting in the report.